US District Court Bayer MIC Complaint: RELIEF SOUGHT

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 VI.        Relief Sought


 28.         In light of Bayer’s documented, chronically reckless operation, and admitted dishonesty in public communications relating to the operation of its inherently unsafe MIC, Plaintiffs respectfully request that this Court enter an order declaring  Bayer’s operation  of the Institute  pesticide  facility a private  and  public  nuisance,  and  barring  Bayer  from  resuming  and/or  continuing  operation  of  the Bayer’s pesticide manufacturing plant at Institute, West Virginia, until such time as:



(1)                         The National Academy of Science completes its Congressionally mandated study of the risks of MIC production in a major population center and the citizens of Kanawha County have a reasonable opportunity to review its findings.


(2)                        Bayer, at a minimum, provides the citizens of Kanawha County and this Court with  documentation  of  the  adoption  and  full  implementation  of  the  following  CSB recommendations:


a.      Bayer revises its Process Hazard Analysis PHA policies and procedures to require:



i.   Validation  of  all  PHA  assumptions  to  ensure  that  risk  analysis  of  each  PHA scenario specifically examines the risk(s) of intentional bypassing or other nullifications of safeguards,


ii.   Addressing  all phases  of operation  and special  topics  including  those  cited in chapter 9 of Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation Procedures (CCPS, 2008);


iii.   Training  all  PHA  facilitators  on  the  revised  policies  and  procedures  prior  to assigning the facilitator to a PHA team;


iv.   Ensure all PHAs are updated to conform to the revised procedures;



v.   Review and revise, as necessary, all Bayer production unit standard operating procedures   to  ensure   they   address   all  operating   modes   (startup,   normal operation, temporary operations, emergency shutdown, emergency operations, normal shutdown, and startup following a turnaround or emergency shutdown), are accurate, and approved;


vi.   Ensure that all facility fire brigade members are trained in the National Incident Management System (NIMS), consistent with municipal and state emergency response agencies;


vii.  Evaluate the fenceline air monitor program against federal, state, and local regulations, and Bayer corporate policies, and upgrade and install air monitoring devices  as  necessary  to  ensure  effective  monitoring  of  potential  releases  of highhazard chemicals at the perimeter of the facility;


viii.   Commission   an   independent   human   factors   and   ergonomics   study   of  all Institute site PSM/RMP covered process control rooms to evaluate the human-­‐ control system interface, operator fatigue, and control system familiarity and training.   Develop   and   implement   a  plan   to   resolve   all  recommendations identified   in   the   study   that   includes   assigned   responsibilities,    required corrective actions, and completion dates.


b.           the  Director   of  the  KanawhaCharleston   Health   Department   establishes   a Hazardous  Chemical  Release  Prevention  Program  to  enhance  the  prevention  of  accidental releases of highly hazardous chemicals, and optimize responses in the event of their occurrence, which at a minimum:



i.             Implements an effective system of independent oversight and other services to enhance the prevention of accidental releases of highly hazardous chemicals;



ii.           Facilitates the collaboration of multiple stakeholders in achieving common goals of chemical safety;



iii.          Increases  the  confidence  of  the  community,   the  workforce,  and  the  local authorities  in the  ability  of the  facility  owners  to prevent  and  respond  to accidental releases of highly hazardous chemicals;


iv.          Defines the characteristics  of chemical facilities that would be covered by the new Program, such as the hazards and potential risks of their chemicals and processes, their quantities, and similar relevant factors;


v.           Ensures that covered facilities develop, implement, and submit for review and approval  applicable  hazard  and  process  information  and  evaluations,  written  safety plans with appropriate descriptions of hazard controls, safety culture and human factors programs with employee participation, and consideration of the adoption of inherently safer systems to reduce risks, emergency response plans; and performance indicators addressing the prevention of chemical incidents.


vi.          Ensures that the program has the right to evaluate the documents submitted by the covered facilities, and to require modifications, as necessary;


vii.         Ensures that the program has rightofentry to covered facilities, and access to requisite information to conduct periodic audits of safety systems and investigations of chemical releases;


viii.        Establishes a system of fees assessed on covered facilities sufficient to cover the oversight  and  related  services  to  be  provided  to  the  facilities  including  necessary technical and administrative personnel; and,


ix.           Consistent  with applicable  law, ensures that the program provides reasonable public participation with the program staff in review of facility programs and access to the  materials  submitted  by  covered  facilities  (e.g.,  hazard  evaluations,  safety  plans,

emergency  response  plans);  the reviews  conducted  by program  staff and the modifications triggered by those reviews; records of audits and incident investigations conducted by the program; performance indicator reports and data submitted by the facilities,  and;  other  relevant  information  concerning  the  hazards  and  the  control methods overseen by the program, and


x. Ensures that the program will require a periodic review of the designated agency activities  and issue  a periodic  public  report  of its activities  and recommended  action items.



c.             The Secretary of West Virginia Department of Health and Human Services and the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection coordinate work with the Director of the KanawhaCharleston  Health Department  to ensure the successful  planning, fee collection, and implementation of the Hazardous Chemical Release Prevention Program as described in the CSB final report, including the provision of services to all eligible facilities in the State.

d.            KanawhaPutnam  Emergency  Planning  Committee,  in  coordination  with  the Kanawha and Putnam counties Emergency Response Directors, prepares and issues a revision to the  Kanawha   Putnam  County  Emergency   Response   Plan  and  Annexes  to  address  facility emergency response and Incident Command when such functions are provided by the facility owner.

e.            West  Virginia  State  Fire  Commission  revise  the  Fire  Department  Evaluation Administrative  Section  Matrix  to  address  the  periodic  inspection  of  local  fire  departments, including a requirement for inspectors to examine and identify the status of National Incident Management System fire department personnel training.

f.             Occupational  Safety and Health Administration,  in light of the findings of the CSB report and the serious potential hazards to workers and the public from chemicals used and stored   at  the   Bayer   Institute   site   (such   as   phosgene,   MIC,   and   methomyl),   conduct   a comprehensive  Process  Safety Management  (PSM) inspection  of the complex  in coordination with the Environmental Protection Agency.


g.             Occupational  Safety  and  Health  Administration  revises  the  Chemical  National


Emphasis Program and the targeting criteria to:


i.             Expand the coverage to all 10 OSHA regions,


ii.           Include  in  the  targeting  criteria  from  which  potential  inspections  are selected all establishments that have submitted certifications of completions of actions in response to previous PSM citations;


iii. Require NEP inspections to examine the status of compliance of all previously cited PSM program items for which the company has submitted certifications of completion to OSHA.


h.    Environmental Protection Agency, in light of the findings of the CSB report and the serious potential hazards to workers and the public from chemicals used and stored at the Bayer Institute site (such as phosgene, MIC, and methomyl), conduct a comprehensive Risk Management Program (RMP) inspection of the complex in cooordination with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

 29.           Plaintiffs request, as appropriate  under applicable law, reasonable attorneys fees, and the plaintiffs costs of this litigation, including expert witness fees.

30.           Plaintiffs  request  such  other  and  further  relief  as  the  evidence  supports,  the  facts warrant and the interests of justice compel.


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