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U.S. Census Bureau’s 2012 Economic Census: Mining, Quarrying, Oil and Gas Extraction Booming
These results provide the first comprehensive look at the U.S. economy since the 2007 recession. The economic census is the most authoritative and comprehensive source of information about U.S. businesses from the national to the local level. It provides the foundation and benchmark for gross domestic product, monthly retail sales, as well as other indicators of economic performance.
“The economic census is one of the Commerce Department’s most valuable data resources,” U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker said. “By providing a close-up look at millions of U.S. companies in thousands of industries, the economic census is an important tool that informs policy at the local, state and national level, and helps businesses make critical decisions that drive economic growth and job creation. At the Department of Commerce, one of the top priorities of our ‘Open for Business Agenda’ is to make our data easier to access and understand so that it can continue enabling startups, moving markets, protecting life and property, and powering both small and large businesses across the country.”
Revenue for mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction grew 34.2 percent to $555.2 billion from 2007 to 2012. It also was among the fastest growers in employment as the number of employees rose 23.3 percent to 903,641.
“The growth shown by the 2012 Economic Census in the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector supports the population growth we see in parts of the Great Plains,” Census Bureau Director John H. Thompson said. “These data drive our understanding of the economy, and when considered in context of our demographic data provide insight into growth trends.”
The 2012 Economic Census Advance Report is the first in a series of industry and geographic area data products. It contains statistics at the national level only for broad industry sectors of the economy, such as energy. New to the 2012 Economic Census, and available later this year, will be information on emerging industries, including solar, wind, geothermal and biomass electric power generation.
Among the findings in this report:
- The retail trade sector had the most businesses in 2012 (nearly 1.1 million), while the utilities sector had the least (17,804).
- The utilities sector achieved the highest average revenue per establishment in 2012 of more than $29 million per establishment.
- The health care and social assistance sector continued to have the most employees with more than 18 million in 2012, an increase of more than 10 percent or 1.8 million people from 2007. This is the highest numerical increase of employees in any sector published in the advance report.
- Wholesale trade, manufacturing, and retail trade remained the largest sectors in the U.S. economy. Wholesale trade businesses reported more than $7 trillion in receipts in 2012. This was an increase of approximately 10 percent from the $6.5 trillion reported in 2007.
- Among the service-related sectors, accommodation and food services sector reported the lowest payroll per employee in 2012 ($16,374).
Data from the 2012 Economic Census are available today in .pdf form; tomorrow they will be accessible via the Census Bureau’s American FactFinder data access tool.
Due to technical reasons, the 2012 Economic Census Advance Report excludes data for the construction (NAICS 23) and the management of companies and enterprises (NAICS 55) sectors. Data for these sectors will be included in later reports.
About the Economic Census
The economic census is conducted every five years and provides a comprehensive and detailed profile of the U.S. economy, covering millions of businesses representing more than 1,000 industries and providing unique portraits of American industries and local communities.
Economic census statistics will be released over a two-year period, through June 2016. Statistics at the local level, including information for more than 5,000 communities not available from previous economic censuses, will be available starting in February 2015. About 40 billion cells of data on U.S. businesses will be released in total. Separate statistics for 2012 on the approximately 21 million businesses without paid employees will be released starting mid-2014.
Reference information about the economic census, including a data release schedule, is available on the 2012 Economic Census home page. Users can sign up to receive alerts when particular industry or geographic reports are released via the soon to be available economic census GovDelivery service at business.census.gov. The site also provides industry snapshots, state rankings and other features to help users better understand the data.
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Editor's Note: These statistics are preliminary and are subject to change; they will be superseded by statistics released in later data files. Includes only establishments of firms with payroll. Definition of paid employees varies among North American Industry Classification System sectors. Data based on the 2012 and 2007 economic censuses. For information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error and definitions, see the following methodology statement <http://www.census.gov/econ/census/help/methodology_disclosure/>.