CENSUS BUREAU: Profile America Facts for Features: Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month: May 2014

Edited from a Press Release
CENSUS BUREAU:  Profile America Facts for Features: Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month: May 2014

In 1978, a joint congressional resolution established Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week. The first 10 days of May were chosen to coincide with two important milestones in Asian/Pacific American history: the arrival in the United States of the first Japanese immigrants (May 7, 1843) and contributions of Chinese workers to the building of the transcontinental railroad, completed May 10, 1869. In 1992, Congress expanded the observance to a monthlong celebration. Per a 1997 U.S. Office of Management and Budget directive, the Asian or Pacific Islander racial category was separated into two categories: one being Asian and the other Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. Thus, this Facts for Features contains a section for each.

Asians

18.9 million 

The estimated number of U.S. residents in 2012 who were Asian, either one race or in combination with one or more additional races. Source: 2012 Population Estimates <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2012/PEPSR5H?slice=Year~est72012>

6.0 million 

The Asian alone or in combination population in California in 2012. The state had the largest Asian population, followed by New York (1.7 million). The Asian alone population represented 56.4 percent of the total population in Hawaii. Source: 2012 Population Estimates <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2012/PEPSR5H?slice=Year~est72012>

46.0% 

Percentage growth of the Asian alone or in combination population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses, which was more than any other major race group. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File, Custom Table 3, <www.census.gov/2010census/news/xls/cb11cn123_us_2010redistr.xls> 

4.2 million

Number of Asians of Chinese, except Taiwanese, descent in the U.S. in 2012. The Chinese (except Taiwanese) population was the largest Asian group, followed by Filipinos (3.6 million), Asian Indians (3.3 million), Vietnamese (1.9 million), Koreans (1.8 million) and Japanese (1.3 million). These estimates represent the number of people who reported a specific detailed Asian group alone, as well as people who reported that detailed Asian group in combination with one or more other detailed Asian groups or another race(s). Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table B02018 <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/B02018>

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

$70,644

Median income of households headed by the Asian alone population in 2012.

Median household income differed greatly by Asian group. For Asian Indians, for example, the median income in 2012 was $96,782; for Bangladeshi, it was $44,293. (These figures represent the Asian alone population.) Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, TableS0201,<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012> <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~013|014>

13.0%

The poverty rate for the Asian alone population in 2012. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012>

15.0%

Percentage of Asian alone population without health insurance coverage in 2012. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201 <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012>

Education

50.5%

The percentage of the Asian alone population 25 and older who had a bachelor’s degree or higher level of education. This compared with 29.1 percent for all Americans 25 and older. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201,<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012> and <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201>

85.7%

The percentage of the 25-and-older Asian alone population who had at least a high school diploma. This compares with 86.4 percent of the total population. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201,<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012> and <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201>

21.2%

The percentage of 25-and-older Asian alone population who had a graduate or professional degree. This compared with 10.9 percent for all Americans 25 and older. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201, <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012> and<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201>

Voting

547,000

The additional number of the Asian alone population who voted in the 2012 presidential election than in the 2008 election. All in all, 47 percent of Asians turned out to vote in 2012. A total of 3.9 million Asians voted in 2012. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, The Diversifying Electorate—Voting Rates byRace and Hispanic Origin in 2012 (and Other Recent Elections)<http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p20-568.pdf>

Serving Our Nation

270,630

The number of the Asian alone population who were military veterans in 2012. About one in three Asian veterans was 65 and older. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table B21001D, <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/B21001D>

Jobs

49.1%                                                                             

The proportion of civilian employed Asian alone population 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations, such as financial managers, engineers, teachers and registered nurses in 2012. Additionally, 17.3 percent worked in service occupations, 20.6 percent in sales and office occupations, 9.7 percent in production, transportation and material moving occupations and 3.2 percent in natural resources, construction and maintenance occupations.Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, TableS0201,<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012>

Internet Use

88.6%  

Percentage of Asian alone population in 2012 living in a household with Internet use  the highest rate among race and ethnic groups. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Reported Internet Usage for Individuals 3 years and Older, by Selected Characteristics; Current Population Survey: 2012 Table 1<http://www.census.gov/hhes/computer/publications/2012.html>

Age Distribution

36.0

Median age of the Asian alone population in 2012. The corresponding figure was 37.4 for the population as a whole. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Tables S0201, <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012> and <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201>

21.3%

Percentage of the Asian alone population that was under age 18 in 2012, while 10.3 percent was 65 or older. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~012>

Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders

1.4 million

The estimated number of U.S. residents in 2012 who were Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, either alone or in combination with one or more additional races. Source: 2012 Population Estimates <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2012/PEPSR5H>

 364,395

Population in Hawaii which had the largest population of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone or in combination, followed by California (333,893) in 2012. The Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders represented the largest population portion in Hawaii at 26 percent. Source: 2012 Population Estimates <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2012/PEPSR5H>

528,991

Number of Native Hawaiians in the U.S. in 2012. The Native Hawaiian population was the largest detailed Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islanders (NHPI) group, followed by Samoan (172,595) and Guamanian or Chamorro (130,223).  These estimates represent the number of people who reported a specific detailed NHPI group alone, as well as people who reported that detailed NHPI group in combination with one or more other detailed NHPI groups or another race(s). Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table B02019<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/B02019>

Income, Poverty and Health Insurance

$51,322

The median income of households headed by Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone in 2012. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050>

21.3%

The poverty rate in 2012 of the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone population. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201, <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050>

18.0%

The percentage without health insurance in 2012 for Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201,<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050>

Education

14.8%

The percentage of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone age 25-and-older who had a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2012. This compared with 29.1 percent for the total population. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Tables S0201 <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050> and <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201>

85.4%

The percentage of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone age 25-and-older who had at least a high school diploma in 2012. This percentage is not statistically different from the 86.4 percent of the total population who have at least a high school diploma or the 85.7 percent of Asians with at least a high school diploma. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey Tables S0201 <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050> and <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201>

4.7%

The percentage of Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone age 25-and-older who had obtained a graduate or professional degree in 2012. This compared with 10.9 percent for the total population this age. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Tables S0201 <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050> and <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201>

 Serving Our Nation

32,303

The number of Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone who were military veterans. About one in four Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander veterans was 65 and older. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, B21001E, <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/B21001E>

Jobs

23.2%

The proportion of civilian employed Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders alone 16 and older who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations, such as financial managers, engineers, teachers and registered nurses in 2012. Additionally, 24.6 percent worked in service occupations, while 27.7 percent worked in sales and office occupations; 15.9 percent in production, transportation and material moving occupations; and 8.7 percent in natural resources, construction and maintenance occupation. The 23.2 percent in management business, science and arts occupations, such as financial managers, engineers, teachers and registered nurses occupations is not statistically different from the 24.6 percent in service occupations. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201, <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050>

Age Distribution

30.4

The median age of the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone population in 2012. The median age was 37.4 for the population as a whole. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Tables S0201<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050> and <http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201>

 28.1%

 Percentage of the Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone population that was under age 18 in 2012, while 6.1 percent was 65 or older. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 American Community Survey, Table S0201,<http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/12_1YR/S0201//popgroup~050>

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